JUVENILE WAIVER
JUVENILE WAIVER - A procedure by which a charge(s) against a minor is transferred from a juvenile to circuit court. (----) - O procedura prin care acuzatia impotriva unui minor este transferata de la un tribunal juveni...

INCHISOARE JUVENILA
JUVENILE HALL - The facility where juvenile offenders are held in custody. INCHISOARE JUVENILA - Cladirea in care infractorii juvenili sunt tinuti in custodie.

JUVENIL
JUVENILE - A person under 18 years old. (See also MINOR.) JUVENIL - O persoana sub optseprezece ani.

OMUCIDERE JUSTIFICATA
JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE – The intentional killing of another human being without any evil design, and under such circumstances of necessity or duty as render the act proper, and relieve the party from any shadow of blame. ...

JUSTIFICAT
JUSTIFIABLE - Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court. JUSTIFICAT - Probleme si plangeri care pot fi examinte in mod correct in tribunal.

JUSTIFICARE
JUSTIFICATION – A lawful or sufficient reason for one’s acts or omissions. A defense of justification is a showing of a sufficient reason for an action by defendant. For example, in an assault prosecution against a defen...

PROCES AL JURIULUI
JURY TRIAL - A trial that is heard and decided by a jury. PROCES AL JURIULUI - Un proces judecat si concluzionat de un juriu.

INSTRUCTIUNI ALE JURIULUI
JURY INSTRUCTIONS - Directions that the judge gives the jury right before they decide a case. They tell the jury what laws apply to that particular case. INSTRUCTIUNI ALE JURIULUI - Directivi pe care le da judecatorul ...

JURY HUNG
JURY, HUNG - A jury which is unable to agree on a verdict after a suitable period of deliberation. (----) - Un juriu care nu este capabil sa cada de accord asupra unui verdict dupa perioada acordata pentru deliberare.

PRIM JURAT AL JURIULUI
JURY FOREMAN - The juror who is in charge of the jury during deliberations and speaks for the jury in court when announcing the verdict. PRIM JURAT AL JURIULUI - Este juratul care reprezinta juriul in timpul deliberari...

COMISAR AL JURIULUI
JURY COMMISSIONER - The local official responsible for giving the court lists of qualified potential jurors. COMISAR AL JURIULUI - Persoana oficiala locala responsabila pentru a da tribunalului listele de potentiali j...

BOXA PENTRU JURATI
JURY BOX - The specific place in the courtroom where the jury sits during the trial. BOXA PENTRU JURATI - Locul special intr-un sala de tribunal unde juriul este asezat in timpul procesului.

JURY
JURY - A group of citizens picked according to law and authorized to decide a case. JURIU - Un grup de cetateni ales in de accord cu legea si autorizat sa hotareasca un caz.

JURAT DE REZERVA
JUROR, ALTERNATE - Additional juror impaneled in case of sickness or disability of another juror. JURAT DE REZERVA - Un jurat aditional inclus pe lista in caz de boala sau debilitate a unui alt jurat.

JUROR
JUROR - Member of the jury. JURAT - Membru al juriului.

JURISPRUDENCE
JURISPRUDENCE - The study of law and the structure of the legal system. JURISPRUDENTA - Studiul legii si al structurii unui system legal.

AUDIERI JURISDICTIONALE
JURISDICTIONAL HEARINGS – A hearing at which the court determines whether the child falls within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court. AUDIERI JURISDICTIONALE - O audiere la care tribunalul hotaraste daca un copil ca...

JURISDICTIE
JURISDICTION - (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. (2) The geographic area over which the court has authority to decide cases. (3) the territory, subject matter, or persons over which lawful aut...

REVIZUIRE JUDECATOREASCA
JUDICIAL REVIEW - The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches. REVIZUIRE JUDECATOREASCA - Autor...

OFITER JUDECATORESC
JUDICIAL OFFICER - Judges, referees, and commissioners who make court decisions as a judge. OFITER JUDECATORESC - Judecatori , arbitrii si comisari care iau decizii judecatoresti intocmai ca un judecator.

AVIZ JUDECATORESC
JUDICIAL NOTICE - A court's recognition of the truth of basic facts without formal evidence. AVIZ JUDECATORESC - Recunoasterea de catre un tribunal a adevarului in legatura cu o fapta simpla fara evidenta stricta.

CONSILIU JUDECATORESC
JUDICIAL COUNCIL - The constitutionally mandated body responsible for improving the administration of justice in the state. The council is made up of judges, court executives, attorneys, and legislators. It was establish...

JUDGMENT DEBTOR
JUDGMENT DEBTOR - The person who loses the case. (----) - Persoana care pierde cazul.

JUDGMENT CREDITOR
JUDGMENT CREDITOR - The person who wins the case. (----) - Persoana care castiga un proces.

JUDECATA
JUDGMENT (JUDGEMENT) - The judge's final decision in a case. It says how much the person who lost has to pay the person who won, and when. Sometimes, you can change part of the judgment with a hearing. JUDECATA - Deci...

JUDGE
JUDGE - An elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law. JUDECATOR - O persoana oficiala publica selectata sau numita pentru a audia sau a decide cazurile in tribunal.

CALATORIE DE PLACERE
JOYRIDING - Illegally taking an automobile without intent to deprive the owner permanently of the vehicle, often involving reckless driving. CALATORIE DE PLACERE - Luarea ilegala a unui automobile fara intentia de a-l ...

INTREPRINDERE COMUNA
JOINT VENTURE - An association of persons jointly undertaking some commercial enterprise. Unlike a partnership, a joint venture does not entail a continuing relationship among the parties. INTREPRINDERE COMUNA - O asoc...

POSESIUNE COMUNA
JOINT TENANCY - When two or more people own something and have rights of survivorship. This means that if one tenant dies, his or her share goes to the other tenants. POSESIUNE COMUNA - Cand doua sau mai multe persoane...

JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY
JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY - A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are responsible for an injury liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible cannot pay. (----) - O d...

UNIRE A PARTILOR CA RECLAMANTI
JOINDER - Generally, a bringing or joining together. For example, plaintiff's joining in a suit, or a joining of actions or defense. UNIRE A PARTILOR CA RECLAMANTI - In general a aduce sau a se uni, de exemplu reclaman...

A UNI
JOIN - To unite, to combine, to enter into an alliance. A UNI - A uni, a combina, a intra intr-o alianta.

JOHNSON MOTION
JOHNSON MOTION - A motion to discuss grand jury indictment. (----) - O motiune pentru a discuta incriminarea marelui juriu.

PERICOL
JEOPARDY - Risk to a defendant of possible conviction and punishment. In a criminal case, the defendant is usually said to be "in jeopardy" after the preliminary hearing has taken place and the jury has been sworn in. ...

INCHISOARE
JAIL - A place of confinement that is more than a police station and less than a prison. It is usually used to hold persons convicted of misdemeanors or persons awaiting trial. INCHISOARE - Un loc de retinere care este...

ISSUE
ISSUE - 1) The disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. 2) To send out officially, as when a court issues an order. CAZ - 1) Punctul de divergenta intr-o neintelegere intre partile implicate intr-...

TUTELA IREVOCABILA
IRREVOCABLE TRUST - A trust that cannot be changed or cancelled after it is made. TUTELA IREVOCABILA - O tutela care nu poate fi schimbata sau anulata up ace este facuta.

IRELEVANT
IRRELEVANT - Evidence not sufficiently related to the matter at issue. IRELEVANT - Evidenta care nu este suficient de reprezentativa fata de problema in chestiune.

INTOXICARE INVOLUNTARA
INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION – The ingestion of alcohol or drugs against one’s will or without ones knowledge. This may be used as an affirmative defense to a criminal negligence charge. INTOXICARE INVOLUNTARA - Inghitirea...

OMORIRE PRIN IMPRUDENTA
INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER – The unlawful killing of a human being in which there is no intention to kill or do grievous bodily harm, but that is committed with criminal negligence or during the commission of a crime not i...

INVESTIGATIE
INVESTIGATION - A legal inquiry to discover and collect facts concerning a certain matter. INVESTIGATIE - O cercetare legala pentru a descoperi si a culege fapte referitoare la o anumita problema.

INSTRUCTIUNI INTRODUCTORII
INTRODUCTORY INSTRUCTIONS – Pre-trial admonitions or statements by judge or other court official that explain to the jury, lawyers, and/ or audience their duties, and obligations during court proceedings. INSTRUCTIUNI...

INTOXICARE
INTOXICATION – A diminished ability to act with full mental and physical capabilities because of alcohol or drug consumption; drunkenness. INTOXICARE - Abilitate diminuata da a actiona in deplina capacitate mentala si ...

SUCESIUNE INTESTATATA
INTESTATE SUCCESSION - The process by which the property of a person who has died without a will passes on to others according to state law. SUCESIUNE INTESTATATA - Procesul prin care proprietatea unei personae care a ...

INTESTAT
INTESTATE - To die without making a will or leaving instructions for disposal of your property after death. (See TESTATE.) INTESTAT - A muri fara a lasa testament sau cedare a proprietatii personale dupa moarte. Vezi a...

LEGI DE INTESTATII
INTESTACY LAWS - See DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES. LEGI DE INTESTATII -Vezi Statutele de Succesiune si Distribuire.

INTERVENTII
INTERVENTION - An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to become a party to the suit. Differs from the process of becoming an AMICUS CURIAE. INTERVENTII - O actiune prin care une...

INTERVENIENT
INTERVENOR - A person who voluntarily interrupts in an action or other proceeding with the leave of the court. INTERVENIENT - O persoana care intrerupe voluntar o actiune sau procedura cu permisiunea tribunalului.

INTEROGATORII
INTERROGATORIES - Written questions asked by one party in a lawsuit for which the opposing party must answer them in writing. INTEROGATORII - Intrebari scrise, adresate de una dintre parti intr-un proces legal la care ...

TRANSLATOR
INTERPRETER - A person who is certified as being able to translate, orally or in writing, spoken or sign language into the common language of the court. TRANSLATOR - O persoana care este autorizata si este capabila sa ...

ACTIUNE PETITORIE INCIDENTA
INTERPLEADER - When two or more people say they have a claim to the same thing held by a third party. The third party may force them to go to trial with each other to settle their dispute. ACTIUNE PETITORIE INCIDENTA -...

PROVIZORIU
INTERLOCUTORY - Provisional; not final. An interlocutory appeal concerns only a part of the issues raised in a lawsuit. (Compare to DECREE.) PROVIZORIU - Temporar, neterminat. Un apel provizoriucare se ocupa numai cu o...

SCRIERE PRINTRE RANDURI
INTERLINEATIONS - The act of writing between the lines of a document. SCRIERE PRINTRE RANDURI - Actiunea de a scrie printer liniile unui document.

INTER VIVOS GIFT
INTER VIVOS GIFT - A gift made during the giver's life. (----) - Un dar facut in timp ce daruitorul este inca in viata. Un alt nume pentru “un dar in viata.”

INTER ALIA
INTER ALIA - Among other things. (----) - Printre alte lucruri.

INTENTIE DE FRAUDA
INTENT TO DEFRAUD –To have in mind a purpose to cheat or trick someone. For example, purposely writing a bad check. INTENTIE DE FRAUDA - A-ti propune sa inseli sau sa induci in eroare pe cineva. De exemplu a scrie un ...

INTENTIE
INTENT - The purpose to use a particular means to bring about a certain result. INTENTIE - Scopul de a folosi anumite metode pentru a obtine un anumit rezultat.

AVERE INTANGIBILA
INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Property that you own, but do not physically have. For example, stocks, bonds, bank accounts, copyrights, patents, etc. AVERE INTANGIBILA - Proprietate pe care o posezi darn u o ai fizic. De exemplu...

INDICATII
INSTRUCTIONS - The explanation of constitutional rights given by a judge to a defendant. INDICATII - Explicatia drepturilor constitutionale data de un judecator unui reclamat.

PLEDOARIE DE ALIENARE MENTALA
INSANITY PLEA - A claim by a defendant that he or she lacks the soundness of mind required by law to accept responsibility for a criminal act. PLEDOARIE DE ALIENARE MENTALA - Pretentia unui reclamat de-I lipsi sanatate...