JUVENILE WAIVER - A procedure by which a charge(s) against a minor is transferred from a juvenile
to circuit court.
(----) - O procedura prin care acuzatia impotriva unui minor este transferata de la un tribunal juveni...
JUVENILE HALL - The facility where juvenile offenders are held in custody.
INCHISOARE JUVENILA - Cladirea in care infractorii juvenili sunt tinuti in custodie.
JUVENILE - A person under 18 years old. (See also MINOR.)
JUVENIL - O persoana sub optseprezece ani.
JUSTIFIABLE HOMICIDE – The intentional killing of another human being without any evil design,
and under such circumstances of necessity or duty as render the act proper, and relieve the party from any
shadow of blame.
JUSTIFIABLE - Issues and claims capable of being properly examined in court.
JUSTIFICAT - Probleme si plangeri care pot fi examinte in mod correct in tribunal.
JUSTIFICATION – A lawful or sufficient reason for one’s acts or omissions. A defense of justification is
a showing of a sufficient reason for an action by defendant. For example, in an assault prosecution against
|PROCES AL JURIULUI|
JURY TRIAL - A trial that is heard and decided by a jury.
PROCES AL JURIULUI - Un proces judecat si concluzionat de un juriu.
|INSTRUCTIUNI ALE JURIULUI|
JURY INSTRUCTIONS - Directions that the judge gives the jury right before they decide a case. They
tell the jury what laws apply to that particular case.
INSTRUCTIUNI ALE JURIULUI - Directivi pe care le da judecatorul ...
JURY, HUNG - A jury which is unable to agree on a verdict after a suitable period of deliberation.
(----) - Un juriu care nu este capabil sa cada de accord asupra unui verdict dupa perioada acordata pentru
|PRIM JURAT AL JURIULUI|
JURY FOREMAN - The juror who is in charge of the jury during deliberations and speaks for the jury in
court when announcing the verdict.
PRIM JURAT AL JURIULUI - Este juratul care reprezinta juriul in timpul deliberari...
|COMISAR AL JURIULUI|
JURY COMMISSIONER - The local official responsible for giving the court lists of qualified potential
COMISAR AL JURIULUI - Persoana oficiala locala responsabila pentru a da tribunalului listele de
|BOXA PENTRU JURATI|
JURY BOX - The specific place in the courtroom where the jury sits during the trial.
BOXA PENTRU JURATI - Locul special intr-un sala de tribunal unde juriul este asezat in timpul
JURY - A group of citizens picked according to law and authorized to decide a case.
JURIU - Un grup de cetateni ales in de accord cu legea si autorizat sa hotareasca un caz.
|JURAT DE REZERVA|
JUROR, ALTERNATE - Additional juror impaneled in case of sickness or disability of another juror.
JURAT DE REZERVA - Un jurat aditional inclus pe lista in caz de boala sau debilitate a unui alt jurat.
JUROR - Member of the jury.
JURAT - Membru al juriului.
JURISPRUDENCE - The study of law and the structure of the legal system.
JURISPRUDENTA - Studiul legii si al structurii unui system legal.
JURISDICTIONAL HEARINGS – A hearing at which the court determines whether the child falls
within the jurisdiction of the juvenile court.
AUDIERI JURISDICTIONALE - O audiere la care tribunalul hotaraste daca un copil ca...
JURISDICTION - (1) The legal authority of a court to hear and decide a case. (2) The geographic area
over which the court has authority to decide cases. (3) the territory, subject matter, or persons over which
JUDICIAL REVIEW - The authority of a court to review the official actions of other branches of
government. Also, the authority to declare unconstitutional the actions of other branches.
REVIZUIRE JUDECATOREASCA - Autor...
JUDICIAL OFFICER - Judges, referees, and commissioners who make court decisions as a judge.
OFITER JUDECATORESC - Judecatori , arbitrii si comisari care iau decizii judecatoresti intocmai ca
JUDICIAL NOTICE - A court's recognition of the truth of basic facts without formal evidence.
AVIZ JUDECATORESC - Recunoasterea de catre un tribunal a adevarului in legatura cu o fapta simpla
fara evidenta stricta.
JUDICIAL COUNCIL - The constitutionally mandated body responsible for improving the administration
of justice in the state. The council is made up of judges, court executives, attorneys, and legislators. It was
JUDGMENT DEBTOR - The person who loses the case.
(----) - Persoana care pierde cazul.
JUDGMENT CREDITOR - The person who wins the case.
(----) - Persoana care castiga un proces.
JUDGMENT (JUDGEMENT) - The judge's final decision in a case. It says how much the person who
lost has to pay the person who won, and when. Sometimes, you can change part of the judgment with a
JUDECATA - Deci...
JUDGE - An elected or appointed public official with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law.
JUDECATOR - O persoana oficiala publica selectata sau numita pentru a audia sau a decide cazurile in
|CALATORIE DE PLACERE|
JOYRIDING - Illegally taking an automobile without intent to deprive the owner permanently of the
vehicle, often involving reckless driving.
CALATORIE DE PLACERE - Luarea ilegala a unui automobile fara intentia de a-l ...
JOINT VENTURE - An association of persons jointly undertaking some commercial enterprise. Unlike a
partnership, a joint venture does not entail a continuing relationship among the parties.
INTREPRINDERE COMUNA - O asoc...
JOINT TENANCY - When two or more people own something and have rights of survivorship. This
means that if one tenant dies, his or her share goes to the other tenants.
POSESIUNE COMUNA - Cand doua sau mai multe persoane...
|JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY|
JOINT AND SEVERAL LIABILITY - A legal doctrine that makes each of the parties who are
responsible for an injury liable for all the damages awarded in a lawsuit if the other parties responsible
(----) - O d...
|UNIRE A PARTILOR CA RECLAMANTI|
JOINDER - Generally, a bringing or joining together. For example, plaintiff's joining in a suit, or a joining
of actions or defense.
UNIRE A PARTILOR CA RECLAMANTI - In general a aduce sau a se uni, de exemplu reclaman...
JOIN - To unite, to combine, to enter into an alliance.
A UNI - A uni, a combina, a intra intr-o alianta.
JOHNSON MOTION - A motion to discuss grand jury indictment.
(----) - O motiune pentru a discuta incriminarea marelui juriu.
JEOPARDY - Risk to a defendant of possible conviction and punishment. In a criminal case, the
defendant is usually said to be "in jeopardy" after the preliminary hearing has taken place and the jury has
been sworn in.
JAIL - A place of confinement that is more than a police station and less than a prison. It is usually used to
hold persons convicted of misdemeanors or persons awaiting trial.
INCHISOARE - Un loc de retinere care este...
ISSUE - 1) The disputed point in a disagreement between parties in a lawsuit. 2) To send out officially, as
when a court issues an order.
CAZ - 1) Punctul de divergenta intr-o neintelegere intre partile implicate intr-...
IRREVOCABLE TRUST - A trust that cannot be changed or cancelled after it is made.
TUTELA IREVOCABILA - O tutela care nu poate fi schimbata sau anulata up ace este facuta.
IRRELEVANT - Evidence not sufficiently related to the matter at issue.
IRELEVANT - Evidenta care nu este suficient de reprezentativa fata de problema in chestiune.
INVOLUNTARY INTOXICATION – The ingestion of alcohol or drugs against one’s will or without
ones knowledge. This may be used as an affirmative defense to a criminal negligence charge.
INTOXICARE INVOLUNTARA - Inghitirea...
|OMORIRE PRIN IMPRUDENTA|
INVOLUNTARY MANSLAUGHTER – The unlawful killing of a human being in which there is no
intention to kill or do grievous bodily harm, but that is committed with criminal negligence or during the
commission of a crime not i...
INVESTIGATION - A legal inquiry to discover and collect facts concerning a certain matter.
INVESTIGATIE - O cercetare legala pentru a descoperi si a culege fapte referitoare la o anumita
|INSTRUCTIUNI INTRODUCTORII |
INTRODUCTORY INSTRUCTIONS – Pre-trial admonitions or statements by judge or other court
official that explain to the jury, lawyers, and/ or audience their duties, and obligations during court
INTOXICATION – A diminished ability to act with full mental and physical capabilities because of
alcohol or drug consumption; drunkenness.
INTOXICARE - Abilitate diminuata da a actiona in deplina capacitate mentala si ...
INTESTATE SUCCESSION - The process by which the property of a person who has died without a will
passes on to others according to state law.
SUCESIUNE INTESTATATA - Procesul prin care proprietatea unei personae care a ...
INTESTATE - To die without making a will or leaving instructions for disposal of your property after
death. (See TESTATE.)
INTESTAT - A muri fara a lasa testament sau cedare a proprietatii personale dupa moarte. Vezi a...
|LEGI DE INTESTATII|
INTESTACY LAWS - See DESCENT AND DISTRIBUTION STATUTES.
LEGI DE INTESTATII -Vezi Statutele de Succesiune si Distribuire.
INTERVENTION - An action by which a third person who may be affected by a lawsuit is permitted to
become a party to the suit. Differs from the process of becoming an AMICUS CURIAE.
INTERVENTII - O actiune prin care une...
INTERVENOR - A person who voluntarily interrupts in an action or other proceeding with the leave of
INTERVENIENT - O persoana care intrerupe voluntar o actiune sau procedura cu permisiunea
INTERROGATORIES - Written questions asked by one party in a lawsuit for which the opposing party
must answer them in writing.
INTEROGATORII - Intrebari scrise, adresate de una dintre parti intr-un proces legal la care ...
INTERPRETER - A person who is certified as being able to translate, orally or in writing, spoken or sign
language into the common language of the court.
TRANSLATOR - O persoana care este autorizata si este capabila sa ...
|ACTIUNE PETITORIE INCIDENTA|
INTERPLEADER - When two or more people say they have a claim to the same thing held by a third
party. The third party may force them to go to trial with each other to settle their dispute.
ACTIUNE PETITORIE INCIDENTA -...
INTERLOCUTORY - Provisional; not final. An interlocutory appeal concerns only a part of the issues
raised in a lawsuit. (Compare to DECREE.)
PROVIZORIU - Temporar, neterminat. Un apel provizoriucare se ocupa numai cu o...
|SCRIERE PRINTRE RANDURI|
INTERLINEATIONS - The act of writing between the lines of a document.
SCRIERE PRINTRE RANDURI - Actiunea de a scrie printer liniile unui document.
|INTER VIVOS GIFT|
INTER VIVOS GIFT - A gift made during the giver's life.
(----) - Un dar facut in timp ce daruitorul este inca in viata. Un alt nume pentru “un dar in viata.”
INTER ALIA - Among other things.
(----) - Printre alte lucruri.
|INTENTIE DE FRAUDA|
INTENT TO DEFRAUD –To have in mind a purpose to cheat or trick someone. For example, purposely
writing a bad check.
INTENTIE DE FRAUDA - A-ti propune sa inseli sau sa induci in eroare pe cineva. De exemplu a scrie
INTENT - The purpose to use a particular means to bring about a certain result.
INTENTIE - Scopul de a folosi anumite metode pentru a obtine un anumit rezultat.
INTANGIBLE ASSETS - Property that you own, but do not physically have. For example, stocks, bonds,
bank accounts, copyrights, patents, etc.
AVERE INTANGIBILA - Proprietate pe care o posezi darn u o ai fizic. De exemplu...
INSTRUCTIONS - The explanation of constitutional rights given by a judge to a defendant.
INDICATII - Explicatia drepturilor constitutionale data de un judecator unui reclamat.
|PLEDOARIE DE ALIENARE MENTALA|
INSANITY PLEA - A claim by a defendant that he or she lacks the soundness of mind required by law to
accept responsibility for a criminal act.
PLEDOARIE DE ALIENARE MENTALA - Pretentia unui reclamat de-I lipsi sanatate...